The 19th Party Congress Report pointed out that: “The main contradiction in Chinese society has now become the contradiction between the people’s ever-growing demands for a good life on the one hand and unbalanced and insufficient development on the other.” This new summary objectively reflects the changing era of China’s social development, reflects the important reality of China’s social development, and possesses great significance.
The new summary of the major social contradiction adheres to the essential requirements of the socialist development of productive forces. The essence of socialism is to liberate productive forces, develop productive forces, eliminate exploitation, eliminate polarization, and ultimately achieve common prosperity. The contradiction between the people’s ever-growing demands for a better life and unbalanced and insufficient development takes the people’s ever-growing demands for a better life as its fundamental yardstick. With greater specificity and comprehensiveness, it highlights the importance of development and enriches the specific connotation of development, thereby highlighting the question as to what kind of development should be adhered to on the basis of adherence to development in the past. The new summary of the main social contradiction further clarifies that, on the basis of adhering to the continuous promotion of development, efforts should be made to solve the problem of unbalanced and insufficient development, vigorously improve the quality and efficiency of development, vigorously promote balanced development and full development based on existing development, and better realize the comprehensive development of the people and comprehensive progress of society. Of course, we must realize that the change in the main social contradiction has not changed our judgment on the historical stage of socialism in China. Our country is still in and will remain in the primary stage of socialism for a long time. Our basic national conditions have not changed. Our country’s international status as the largest developing country in the world has not changed.
The new summary of the major social contradiction adheres to the basic principle of socialist common prosperity. Common prosperity is not only the goal of socialism, but also the fundamental principle of socialism. The contradiction between the people’s ever-growing demands for a better life and unbalanced and insufficient development takes eliminating polarization and achieving common prosperity as its fundamental yardstick and establishing a well-off society in an all-around way as its basic requirement, highlighting the problem of unbalanced development. Facing the realities of China’s social development, such as differences between regions, differences between urban and rural areas, and differences between rich and poor, the new summary of the main social contradiction has further clarified the need to eliminate the problem of development imbalances and adhere to the fundamental principle of socialist common prosperity.
The new summary of the major social contradiction consolidates the full confidence in the development of world socialism. The main social contradiction is the contradiction between the people’s ever-growing material and cultural needs and backward social production, which has transformed into a contradiction between the people’s ever-growing demands for a better life and unbalanced and insufficient development. This reflects the successful practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and reflects the unique advantages of the socialist road, theory, system, and culture with Chinese characteristics in developing social production and addressing the material and cultural needs of the people. As a result, the powerful vitality of scientific socialism has been proved on a worldwide scale and confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics has been strengthened.