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General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Introduction to Important Ideology Regarding China as a Cyber Powerhouse (Chapter 5: Building a Durable National Cybersecurity Barrier)
习近平总书记关于网络强国的重要思想概论 第五章:筑牢国家网络安全屏障

In this piece, the CCP Central Committee Office of the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission (CAC), known under its public regulatory-body name as the Cyberspace Administration of China, outlines a vision for cybersecurity policy and regulation. The piece suggests that private industry, critical information infrastructure, and cybersecurity providers will be vital partners in improving China’s cybersecurity in the years to come. Cybersecurity, CAC argues, cannot be achieved without more government visibility into private industry’s data on cybersecurity threats and incidents.

Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) 国家互联网信息办公室
Overcapacity Is Not Purely an Economic Issue, but a Political Issue

Guo Kai, the executive president of CF40, a think tank focusing on finance and economic issues, argues that the problem of overcapacity is being used in the U.S. to drive election politics, rather than being viewed purely as an economic concern. Domestically, he attributes overcapacity as a negative externality to China’s rapid manufacturing growth, and makes several policy recommendations to address the issue.

Guo Kai 郭凯
Fully Implement the Overall National Security Outlook

The head of China’s Ministry of State Security, Chen Yixin, reflects on efforts to implement the “Overall National Security Outlook” ten years after Chinese leader Xi Jinping first introduced the concept in 2014. Chen highlights the 2020 National Security Law in Hong Kong, more formalized national security education, and the build out of a national security legal and regulatory architecture as key accomplishments over the past decade. Looking ahead, Chen emphasizes the need to further advance China’s national security through a variety of mechanisms, including greater technological self-reliance, improved counter-sanctions mechanisms, and more assertive efforts to advance China’s security principles on the international stage.

Chen Yixin 陈一新
After the U.S. Election, Parties Involved in the Russia-Ukraine Conflict May Take Steps to Discuss Ceasefire Plans

In this transcript of a keynote speech given by Ding Xiaoxing, the director of the Institute of Eurasian Studies at China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), he outlines the major trends and features of the war in Ukraine two years on. He highlights the emergence of commercial technology on the battlefield and the high human and financial costs of the war, and argues that continued U.S. aid to Ukraine will be a decisive variable impacting the war’s future dynamics.

Ding Xiaoxing 丁晓星
Second Anniversary of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict: Effects and Implications

This report, written by a group of scholars at the Renmin University Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies led by Wang Wen, the institute’s president, takes stock of Russia’s war in Ukraine at its second anniversary. The chapters delve into geopolitical, economic, financial, and military dimensions of the war, and draw conclusions for China. They recommend Beijing strengthen technology self-reliance, enhance the security of its energy supplies, improve its diplomatic narratives, and take a more active role in global economic standards-setting.

The Russian Situation Under Prolonged Warfare

Feng Yujun, a leading scholar of China-Russia relations, outlines Russia’s evolving geopolitical posture and outlook two years into its war in Ukraine. Feng explores how Russia is adapting diplomatically and economically to war-induced isolation from West, including by expanding its relations with the Global South. Moscow’s relations with Beijing remain strong, Feng argues, although framings of the partnership as “limitless” have ceded from official Chinese discourse.

Feng Yujun 冯玉军
Analysis of Uncertainties Affecting the Russia-Ukraine Conflict

This piece from two Russia scholars at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) is a part of the 2024 version of an annual volume on international politics published by the Institute of World Economics and Politics at CASS. The authors explore factors influencing the dynamics and future of the war in Ukraine two years in. They argue that political factors (such as 2024 elections in the United States and Europe, and Putin’s growing preoccupation with regime security) will shape the intensity of the war, while economic factors will influence its duration.

Ouyang Xiangying 欧阳向英, Zhang Yuxin 张誉馨
India's Strengthening Relationship with the Global South: Strategic Ambitions and Constraints

Zhang Jie, a prominent scholar at the Xi’an International Studies University, suggests India’s intensified engagement with Global South aims to amplify New Delhi’s voice in global governance, compete with China for geopolitical influence, and deepen ties with Washington. Zhang suggests other Global South countries are unlikely to be receptive to this engagement, given their inherent suspicion of India’s growing ties with the West and fear of friction with China.

Zhang Jie 张杰
How Has Russia Withstood Two Years of Sanctions?

In this interview, Xu Poling, a Russia expert at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, reflects on lessons learned from recent research trips to the country. He seeks to explain Russia’s relative resilience in the face of sanctions, concluding several factors are at work – the quick imposition of strict outbound capital controls, forced sales of foreign currency to increase central bank holdings, insistence on selling gas to Europe in rubles, and de-dollarization efforts since 2014.

Xu Poling 徐坡岭
The Belt and Road Initiative and China’s Breakthrough of United States Technology Containment – Taking China’s Cooperation with Southeast Asia as an Example
“ 一带一路” 建设与中国破局美国技术遏制 ———以中国与东南亚地区合作为例

This article, penned by scholars from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Tongji University, explores how China can use the BRI to navigate U.S. trade and technology controls. Drawing on three case studies of BRI projects in Southeast Asia, the authors suggest Beijing can better insulate itself from the impact of U.S. controls through deepened economic integration with BRI partners. They also argue it will be important to ensure BRI projects benefit partners in areas from technology upgrading to human capital development, to challenge what they see as Western efforts to discredit the BRI among China’s neighboring countries.

Bu Yanjun 部彦君, Gao Cheng 高程, Xue Lin 薛琳