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Qu Qingshan, Director of the Central Party History and Documentation Research Institute: A Powerful Ideological Weapon for Building a Strong Financial Nation

Qu Qingshan, one of China’s top Party theorists, argues that developing and modernizing the financial system is an integral component in the pursuit of modernization and “rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.” He emphasizes that for China to be a strong player in the global financial system, several structural risks in the domestic finance industry must be addressed. This piece appears in one of the leading Party newspapers and echoes Xi Jinping’s recent emphasis on strengthening the financial system, signaling policy priorities.

Qu Qingshan 曲青山
Xi Jinping Emphasizes Accelerating the Development of New Qualitative Productive Forces to Solidly Promote High-Quality Development during the Eleventh Collective Study Session of the CCP Central Committee Politburo
习近平在中共中央政治局第十一次集体学习时强调 加快发展新质生产力 扎实推进高质量发展

The CCP Politburo holds “collective study sessions” on a semi-regular basis, in which an outside academic or government expert leads a discussion on a selected topic. Such sessions are important signals as to what issues the senior leadership finds important. The eleventh collective study session of the 20th Central Committee Politburo was held on January 31, 2024 and was presided over by Xi Jinping. At this session, Xi delivered a speech emphasizing the urgency of accelerating high-quality development through technological innovation, with a focus on upgrading advanced manufacturing, deploying clean technologies, and building better talent pipelines in the science and technology fields.

A Reshaped World? New Features of Artificial Intelligence and National Security under the Rise of ChatGPT

Scholars from Huaqiao University explore the implications of generative AI for China’s prosperity and national security, following the launch of ChatGPT. They emphasize the pivotal role leadership in AI research and applications will play in global power distributions going forward, given implications for standards-setting ability, productivity growth, and information control.

Huang Rihan 黄日涵, Yao Haolong 姚浩龙
Artificial Intelligence-Generated Content (AIGC) White Paper [Excerpt]

This white paper from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, a key research institution advising the government on science and technology issues, explores the potential impacts of generative AI. Written before the launch of ChatGPT, the paper focuses on applications around the consumer experience – in terms of e-commerce, film and TV, and news and broadcasting.

Wu Zhaohui, Member of the Party Group and Vice Minister of the Ministry of Science and Technology: Brain-Computer Intelligence and Human-Computer Collaboration are Important Directions for AI Development

Wu Zhaohui, vice minister of the Ministry of Science and Technology and China’s lead delegate at the 2023 Bletchley AI Summit, delivered a keynote address at a summer 2023 AI conference in Beijing. This news coverage includes highlights of his speech where he suggested ChatGPT will usher in a ‘new industrial revolution,’ and have significant impacts on labor, production, business models, and the global economic landscape more broadly.

Li Qiang Chairs the State Council Executive Meeting to Study Comprehensive Measures for Rural Revitalization
李强主持召开国务院常务会议 研究全面推进乡村振兴有关举措等

This is a news report of a January State Council meeting, where rural revitalization, regulation of the food delivery industry, and capital market regulation were discussed. Alongside these topics, the State Council emphasized the need to better integrate artificial intelligence (AI) in manufacturing. This signals focus at senior leadership levels on the role AI can play in China’s bid to become an advanced manufacturing powerhouse.

What Topics Can Be Discussed in the China-U.S. Artificial Intelligence Dialogue

Meeting in San Francisco in November 2023, Biden and Xi agreed to launch U.S.-China talks on the risks associated with advanced AI systems and potential areas for bilateral collaboration. In this piece, researchers at Tsinghua University detail where Washington and Beijing’s interests on AI issues might converge, and what they see as the most fruitful areas for discussion. While there is some consensus on basic principles around AI in the defense sphere, they argue, more fruitful discussions will center on non-traditional security fields – including the social governance challenges engendered by AI and the application of AI toward anti-crime and anti-terrorism objectives.

Wang Yifan 王一凡, Zhu Rongsheng 朱荣生
The Belt and Road Initiative and China's Strategy

This is a transcript of a July 2023 speech delivered by Shi Yinhong, an international relations scholar at Renmin University, and an interview conducted by Xue Li, a researcher at the Institute of World Economy and Politics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Shi argues that due to rising suspicion of China in developing countries and economic resource constraints at home, Beijing must become much more targeted and responsive to the needs of developing countries in initiating and facilitating projects along the BRI. Shi also encourages Beijing and Chinese experts to be careful when making public assessments of the geo-strategic significance of the BRI so as not to raise concerns in potential partner countries.

Shi Yinhong 时殷弘
Dynamics and Lessons of the “New Normal” in Sino-U.S. Relations as Seen from the San Francisco Summit

Da Wei, a professor at Tsinghua University, argues the Xi-Biden summit in November 2023 revealed U.S.-China relations have entered a “new normal” characterized by four features: mutual acceptance that tension will continue indefinitely, mutual assessment that full-blown conflict would be unacceptable, mutual understanding that neither country will fulfill its strategic goals completely, and mutual observation that economic and social resilience is possible amidst intense bilateral competition.

Da Wei 达巍
The Global South Is an Important Driving Force in the Evolution of the International Order

Niu Haibin, a foreign policy scholar at the Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, explains the rising international influence of the Global South and assesses implications for China. Niu recommends Beijing amp up efforts to frame itself as a member of the Global South and publicly push for expansion of BRICS and other initiatives, which can enhance China’s ties with individual members of the Global South and build perceptions of China as a leader of among them.

Niu Haibin 牛海彬