习近平在中共中央政治局第七次集体学习时强调 全面加强军事治理 以高水平治理推动我军高质量发展
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Xi Jinping Emphasized Comprehensively Strengthening Military Governance and Using High-Standard Governance to Promote High-Quality Military Development at the Seventh Collective Study Session of the CCP Central Committee Politburo

习近平在中共中央政治局第七次集体学习时强调 全面加强军事治理 以高水平治理推动我军高质量发展

The CCP Politburo holds “collective study sessions” on a semi-regular basis, in which an outside academic or government expert leads a discussion on a selected topic. Such sessions are important signals as to what issues the senior leadership finds important. The seventh collective study session of the 20th Central Committee Politburo was held on July 24, 2023 and was presided over by Xi Jinping. At this session, Xi delivered a speech on the importance of strengthening military governance to ensure better coordination across departments and services and deepen the integration of military and civil strategic efforts and capabilities.

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On the afternoon of July 24th, with Army Day [a holiday commemorating the founding of the People’s Liberation Army] on August 1st approaching, the CCP Central Committee Politburo conducted the seventh collective study session on comprehensively strengthening military governance. During the study session, CCP Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that comprehensively strengthening military governance is a profound change in our Party’s military governance concept and approach. It is a strategic requirement for accelerating the modernization of national defense and the military, and an important aspect of promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must: Comprehensively implement the spirit of the 20th CCP National Congress, deeply implement the idea of a strong military in the new era, and carry out the military strategic guidelines for the new era; adhere to the absolute leadership of the Party over the army, adhere to combat effectiveness as the sole fundamental criterion, and adhere to and improve the socialist military system with Chinese characteristics; build a modern military governance system, improve modern military governance capacity, and use high-standard governance to promote the high-quality development of the military, thereby providing strong assurance for the realization of the centennial objective of building the military.


Comrade Zhao Dongbin, Director of the Military Legal Systems Institute of the Academy of Military Sciences, explained this issue and put forward working suggestions. Comrades from the CCP Politburo listened carefully to the explanation and held a discussion.


After listening to the explanation and discussion, Xi Jinping delivered an important speech. He pointed out that since the 18th Party Congress, in the process of leading the advancement of the cause of strengthening the military, the CCP Central Committee and the Central Military Commission have adhered to the absolute leadership of the CCP over the military, and actively pushed forward the exploration and practice of military governance. In particular, by deepening the reform of national defense and the military, pushing forward governing the military according to law, and strengthening and improving the strategic management of the military, they have formed a series of brand-new institutions, mechanisms, laws and regulations, and policies and systems, and have adhered to and developed the socialist military system for the new era, thereby strongly promoting the modernization of national defense and the military.


Xi Jinping emphasized that the world is undergoing momentous changes unseen in a century, and the pace is accelerating. A new round of scientific and technological revolution and military revolution is developing rapidly, and military construction is in a critical period for achieving the centennial objective of building the military. It is necessary to clearly recognize the significance of comprehensively strengthening military governance, strengthen the sense of mission and responsibility, carry forward the spirit of reform and innovation, and increase the intensity of military governance work, so that the new strengthening of military governance can help promote the new development of undertakings for strengthening the military.


Xi Jinping pointed out that comprehensively strengthening military governance is complex system engineering involving all aspects of national defense and military construction. It is necessary to reinforce the system concept, adhere to being problem-focused, strengthen the top-level design and strategic planning of military governance, strengthen governance in all fields, throughout the entire chain, and at all levels, and promote it in a planned and focused manner. It is necessary to strengthen overall planning, enhance cross-sectoral and cross-field coordination, and improve the systemic, holistic, and synergistic nature of military governance. It is necessary to strengthen the management and supervision of military expenditures, deepen governance in key areas, and use key breakthroughs to drive overall advancement. It is necessary to further promote innovation in strategic management; improve and refine mechanisms for scientific generation, rapid response, and effective implementation with respect to requirements; and depart from the path of whole-process specialized assessment, to ensure smooth and efficient links and give full play to the overall effectiveness of military system operation. High-level organs and senior cadres should take the lead in emancipating the mind, innovate in work methods, use the governance concept to advance all work tasks, and enhance capabilities in systematic governance, governance according to law, comprehensive governance, and governance at the source (源头治理). They should attach great importance to governance at the grassroots level, respect the principal status and initiative of officers and soldiers, and promote comprehensive progress and overall excellence in grassroots construction. It is necessary to organically combine military governance with reform and the rule of law, consolidate and expand the achievements of national defense and military reform, deepen the work of military legislation, strengthen the implementation of regulations and systems, as well as supervision of their implementation, give full play to the role of reform, and make good use of the rule of law as a basic method, so as to better promote the work of military governance.


Xi Jinping emphasized that strengthening cross-service and cross-regional governance is implicit in comprehensively strengthening military governance, and is an inherent requirement for consolidating and improving integrated national strategic systems and capabilities. Relevant departments of the central and state organs, local party committees, and governments at all levels should strengthen their awareness of national defense, enhance overall planning and coordination, and do their part in the field of national defense construction as well as possible. The military must improve communication and coordination with localities and give full play to the pulling effect of military demand on national defense construction. It is necessary to continue to optimize institutions and mechanisms, refine the organizational system, and improve the policy system, so as to form a cross-service and cross-regional working pattern in which all departments have their own responsibilities and cooperate closely, and which is standardized and orderly.


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中共中央政治局 (Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee). "Xi Jinping Emphasized Comprehensively Strengthening Military Governance and Using High-Standard Governance to Promote High-Quality Military Development at the Seventh Collective Study Session of the CCP Central Committee Politburo [习近平在中共中央政治局第七次集体学习时强调 全面加强军事治理 以高水平治理推动我军高质量发展]". CSIS Interpret: China, original work published in Xinhua News Agency [新华社], July 24, 2023

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