习近平在中共中央政治局第十五次集体学习时强调 贯彻落实新时代党的建设总要求 进一步健全全面从严治党体系
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Xi Jinping Emphasizes Implementing the Requirements for Party Building in the New Era and Further Improving the Comprehensive Party Governance System during the 15th Collective Study of the Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee

习近平在中共中央政治局第十五次集体学习时强调 贯彻落实新时代党的建设总要求 进一步健全全面从严治党体系

The CCP Politburo holds “collective study sessions” on a semi-regular basis, in which an outside academic or government expert leads a discussion on a selected topic. Such sessions are important signals as to what issues the senior leadership finds important. The 14th collective study session of the 20th Central Committee Politburo was held on June 27, 2024 and was presided over by Xi Jinping. At this session, Xi delivered a speech emphasizing the need to improve and strengthen the Party and its leadership over the government by encouraging Party education and strengthening policy implementation and cadre supervision mechanisms.

Key takeaways
  • The Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee meets for "collective study sessions" on a semi-regular basis. The topics selected for such sessions act as a weathervane for top policy priorities of CCP senior leadership.
  • At the June 2024 study session, China's top policymakers discussed the need to strengthen Party leadership and overall Party building, to prepare the CCP for challenges of the "new era."
  • In his speech at the session, Xi Jinping suggested that improvements to ideological education, implementation mechanisms for Central Committee decisions, and Party cadre discipline and supervision mechanisms will be key avenues to rectify pitfalls in current Party governance and counter corruption in the highest levels of Party leadership.

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On the afternoon of June 27, the Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee held its 15th collective study session to discuss improving the comprehensive Party governance system. General Secretary Xi Jinping, who presided over the session, emphasized that Party building in the new era is a systemic project led by the Party’s political construction. This involves coordinated and comprehensive efforts across various aspects of Party building, adhering to the CCP Central Committee’s important thoughts on Party building and self-revolution. It is essential to strengthen the Party’s overall leadership and the centralized, unified leadership of the Central Committee, implement the general requirements for Party building in the new era, and use systematic thinking and scientific methods to advance the full coverage of Party governance content, objects, responsibilities, and systems. This will further improve a comprehensive, rigorous, effective, and efficient Party governance system. 


Zhang Jinghu, Secretary-General of the Central Organization Department, provided an explanation on this topic and offered work recommendations. Members of the Political Bureau listened attentively to the presentation and engaged in discussion. 


Xi Jinping delivered an important speech after listening to the explanation and discussion. He first noted that in a few days, the Party will celebrate its 103rd anniversary. On behalf of the Central Committee, he extended festive greetings to all Communist Party members across the country. 


Xi Jinping pointed out that since the 18th Party Congress, the Party has unwaveringly advanced comprehensive and strict Party governance, achieving a series of theoretical, practical, and institutional innovations, and constructing a comprehensive and strict Party governance system, opening a new realm of self-revolution for the century-old Party. However, he also noted that the Party faces long-term “Four Major Tests” and “Four Kinds of Dangers,” and that comprehensive and strict Party governance is always ongoing, as is the Party’s self-revolution. The entire Party must maintain clear-headedness and determination in the “test” and continuously advance the new great project of Party building in the new era through the improved comprehensive Party governance system. 


Xi emphasized the need to establish a coherent and forcefully executed organizational system. It is necessary to uphold the authority and centralized, unified leadership of the CCP Central Committee, improve the mechanism for implementing major decisions and arrangements of the Central Committee, ensuring smooth and effective implementation of its orders. The Party should also persist and improve its leadership and organizational management systems, creating a working pattern where each level is responsible for the one below, strengthening the grassroots level. Promoting grassroots governance led by Party building is crucial, continuously rectifying weak and lax grassroots Party organizations, and significantly enhancing their capacity to lead grassroots governance. Efforts should be made to explore and strengthen Party building work in new economic organizations, new social organizations, and new employment groups, innovating the setup and activities of Party organizations. Utilizing internet technology and information means carrying out Party building work effectively, striving for comprehensive coverage of Party organizations and work both offline and online. 


Xi Jinping also pointed out the importance of establishing a solid and cohesive educational system. The foundation of ideological construction must be laid firmly, consistently promoting the Party’s innovative theoretical armament, and persistently strengthening Party spirit education. Combining regular education with intensive education, theoretical armament with practical application, and strengthening Party spirit with enhancing capabilities, a long-term mechanism for education should be established to cultivate the soul, enhance intelligence, correct conduct, and promote action through learning. The ongoing Party discipline study and education should be taken as an opportunity to guide Party members and cadres to integrate enhanced Party spirit, strict discipline, and improved conduct into daily habits.


Xi Jinping stressed the need to establish a precise and effective supervision system. It is necessary to grasp Party nature, conduct, and discipline together, combining treatment and strengthening. This will involve improving the management mechanism for Party members, perfecting the strict management and supervision mechanism for cadres, establishing a normalized mechanism for correcting conduct and discipline, and improving the mechanism for integrated advancement of not daring to, not being able to, and not wanting to be corrupt; combining the Party’s self-supervision with public supervision, promoting the coordination of various types of supervision, and establishing a supervision system with unified leadership, comprehensive coverage, and high authority and efficiency; and focusing on political supervision, supervision of leading groups, especially the “top leaders,” supervision of major issues, and supervision in key areas such as power concentration, fund concentration, and resource richness, ensuring that privilege and corruption have no hiding place. 


Xi Jinping also pointed out the importance of establishing a scientific, complete, and effective institutional system. It is necessary to enhance systematic integration, making the construction of systems adapt to the needs of Party governance and Party building, and matching with various aspects of Party construction. Deepening the reform of intra-Party regulations and systems, ensuring top-level design, addressing loopholes, and improving quality and efficiency. Practical needs should guide timely elevation of good experiences and practices to systems, enhancing the enforcement of systems, and promoting the deep development of comprehensive and strict Party governance on the track of regulations and systems. 


Xi emphasized the need to establish a clear and well-defined responsibility system. It is necessary to establish and improve a layered and categorized responsibility system, ensuring that Party organizations at all levels and all Party members and cadres are aware of their responsibilities, fulfilling them. Clearly defining the primary responsibility of the Party committees (leading Party groups) for comprehensive and strict Party governance, the supervisory responsibility of disciplinary inspection commissions at all levels, the responsibility of Party committee (leading Party group) secretaries as the first person responsible, the responsibilities of leading group members for Party governance, and the specific responsibilities of Party members and cadres. Establishing a precise and scientific accountability mechanism, transmitting pressure at each level, and ensuring the implementation of Party governance responsibilities through the alignment of responsibility subjects, requirements, and accountability. 


Finally, Xi Jinping pointed out that to improve the comprehensive and strict Party governance system and advance comprehensive and strict Party governance in depth, members of the Political Bureau must set a good example, be role models, strictly discipline themselves, bear their responsibilities, and strictly manage their jurisdictions. They must unite and lead the entire Party to govern and build the Party well, providing strong assurance for comprehensively promoting the construction of a strong nation and the great cause of national rejuvenation through Chinese-style modernization. 


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中共中央政治局 (Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee). "Xi Jinping Emphasizes Implementing the New Era’s Requirements for Party Building and Further Improving the Comprehensive Party Governance System during the 15th Collective Study of the Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee [习近平在中共中央政治局第十五次集体学习时强调 贯彻落实新时代党的建设总要求 进一步健全全面从严治党体系]". CSIS Interpret: China, original work published in Xinhua News Agency [新华社], June 27, 2024

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