Niu Haibin, a foreign policy scholar at the Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, explains the rising international influence of the Global South and assesses implications for China. Niu recommends Beijing amp up efforts to frame itself as a member of the Global South and publicly push for expansion of BRICS and other initiatives, which can enhance China’s ties with individual members of the Global South and build perceptions of China as a leader of among them.
Gao Xiang, President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, details the motivations and intent behind China’s Global Civilization Initiative (GCI) proposed by Xi Jinping in March 2023. The Chinese development experience, Gao suggests, shows that viable paths to modernization extend beyond what he describes as the Western capitalist model. For Gao, the GCI will democratize international relations in the face of perceived “power politics and hegemonism” of other major powers by institutionalizing people-to-people and cultural exchanges, thereby engendering greater respect for the diversity of national histories, cultures, and conditions.
Writing soon after Xi Jinping launched the Global Security Initiative in April 2022, a professor of international relations at one of China’s leading universities explains the need for the new initiative, citing what he sees as recent and historical geopolitical instability under the leadership of “the West.”
The deputy dean at the PLA’s National Defense University overviews China’s regional and global security challenges in 2021, emphasizing the increasingly important role science and technology innovation play in the military domain.
A comparative analysis of the U.S. strategy for the Asia Pacific region during the Obama and Trump administrations by China’s leading international relations scholars.