On the morning of June 9, the 2023 Beijing Zhiyuan Conference was held in Haidian, Beijing.
A reporter from the National Business Daily noted that during the conference, Wu Zhaohui, member of the Party Group and Vice Minister at the Ministry of Science and Technology, stated in his keynote speech that an important future direction for the development of artificial intelligence is brain-computer intelligence, human-computer collaboration, and brain-computer integration. These technologies can enhance perception and cognition, leading to more efficient human-machine relationships and generating new interactive logics. Humans and machines will coexist, with the physical world and the virtual world interacting in parallel. Human-computer collaboration will accelerate, transforming the physical world into a four-dimensional space composed of humans, physical objects, intelligent machines, and virtual information.
Wu Zhaohui further stated that in this four-dimensional space, artificial intelligence will interact seamlessly with both the perception, cognitive mechanisms, learning, and reasoning abilities of biological beings, and the information integration, storage, and computing abilities of machine intelligence. This compatibility is expected to continuously generate new forms of intelligence, such as superintelligence and fusion intelligence, which will increasingly generate [economic] value but also become increasingly disruptive.
In his keynote speech, Wu Zhaohui also mentioned that ChatGPT integrates theories and methods from across the three major schools of artificial intelligence, as well as from various software and hardware technologies. It has excellent capabilities in terms of logical cognition and understanding human intention via dialogue. ChatGPT has accelerated the arrival of the era of general artificial intelligence, which will in turn lead a new industrial revolution and transform the social relations of production.
Specifically, Wu Zhaohui believes that ChatGPT will reshape the division of labor in the industrial sector. In the future, a hybrid division of labor model based on human-computer collaboration will impact industries that involve traditional intellectual labor, such as content production and creation. Thus, general-purpose AI technologies will change, even reshape, existing production models.
Secondly, ChatGPT will lead to the emergence of new business models. General AI technology will more quickly and accurately pinpoint user needs. The emergence of brain-computer integration will change industries such as search, content creation, and advertising and marketing, creating entirely new business models.
Additionally, ChatGPT will affect the global economic landscape. The deep integration of human-computer collaboration and intelligence will greatly improve production efficiency and reduce production costs, acting as an enduring driving force for economic growth, and opening new tracks for development. Having advantages in computing power, algorithms, and data may lead to future development capabilities.
“Facing the opportunities and challenges brought by the development of general artificial intelligence, I hope that all parties will join hands to strengthen international cooperation and open sharing, jointly promote the continuous and healthy development of artificial intelligence, and enable AI to better benefit our human society,” Wu Zhaohui concluded.