习近平在中共中央政治局第二次集体学习时强调 加快构建新发展格局 增强发展的安全性主动权
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Xi Jinping Emphasizes the Need to Accelerate the Construction of the New Development Pattern and Enhance the Security Initiative in Development During the Second Collective Study Session of the Politburo of the CCP Central Committee

习近平在中共中央政治局第二次集体学习时强调 加快构建新发展格局 增强发展的安全性主动权

The CCP Politburo holds “study sessions” on a semi-regular basis, in which an outside academic or government expert leads a discussion on a selected topic. Such sessions are important signals as to what issues the senior leadership finds important. The second study session of the 20th Central Committee Politburo was held on January 31, 2023, and was presided over by Xi Jinping. The session focused on themes related to China’s economic development, such as dual circulation, economic security and self-reliance, and rural-urban divides.

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On the afternoon of January 31, the Politburo of the CCP Central Committee conducted a second collective study session on accelerating the construction of the new development pattern. When presiding over the study session, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, emphasized that accelerating the establishment of the new development pattern is a strategic decision based on the realization of the second centennial objective and the overall coordination of development and security, as well as a strategic deployment to seize the initiative in future development. Only by accelerating the construction of the new development pattern can we consolidate the foundation of China’s economic development, enhance the security and stability of development, and enhance China’s viability, competitiveness, development strength, and sustainability in the face of various storms and turbulent seas, both foreseen and unforeseen. This will allow us to ensure that the process of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will not be delayed or even interrupted and successfully realize the goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way.


During the collective study session of the Politburo of the Central Committee, the Politburo members studied independently and exchanged work experiences. Comrades Yin Li, Liu Guozhong, He Lifeng, Zhang Guoqing, Chen Jining, and Huang Kunming gave speeches drawing on their respective fields and local work, and everyone participated in exchanges.


The study session was presided over by Xi Jinping, who made important remarks. He pointed out that, in recent years, the construction of the new development pattern has been solidly advanced and achieved some results. The ideological consensus has continuously cohered, the working foundation has been continuously consolidated, and the policy system has been continuously improved. However, there is still a long way to go to build the new development pattern in an all-round way. We must adhere to the problem-oriented and systematic concept, focus on breaking down the main contradictions and problems that hinder the acceleration of the construction of the new development pattern, comprehensively deepen reforms, promote practical innovation and institutional innovation, and constantly extend our advantages, compensate for shortcomings, and strengthen weak points.


Xi Jinping emphasized that we must do a good job in coordinating the expansion of domestic demand and deepening supply-side structural reforms, forming a dynamic balance at a higher level where demand drives supply and supply creates demand, and realizing a virtuous cycle in the national economy. We must resolutely implement the outline of the strategic plan for expanding domestic demand, form a complete domestic demand system as soon as possible, and focus on expanding income-supported consumer demand, investment demand with reasonable returns, and financial demand constrained by principal and debt. We must establish and improve long-term mechanisms for expanding residents’ consumption so that residents can consume with a stable income, dare to consume without worries, and enjoy a consumption environment with a strong sense of gain and strong willingness to consume. We must improve and expand investment mechanisms, expand the effective investment space, appropriately advance the deployment timeline of new infrastructure construction, expand investment in high-tech industries and strategic emerging industries, and continue to stimulate the vitality of private investment. We must continue to deepen supply-side structural reforms, continue to promote scientific and technological (S&T) innovation and institutional innovation, break through supply constraints, chokepoints, and vulnerable points, enhance the competitiveness and security of production chains and supply chains, adapt to and meet existing needs with independent controllable, high-quality supply, and create and lead new demands.


Xi Jinping pointed out that we must accelerate the pace of self-reliance and self-strengthening in S&T and solve the problem of “strangleholds” by foreign countries. We must improve the new structure for leveraging national capabilities, strengthen the national strategic S&T strength, and optimize the allocation of innovation resources so that China can become a global pace-setter in important S&T fields and a pioneer in cutting-edge and cross-disciplinary fields and strive to become the world’s main scientific center and innovation highland as soon as possible. We must realize the effective linkage of the strategy for reinvigorating China through science and education, the talent superpower strategy, and the innovation-driven development strategy and adhere to the integrated promotion of education development, S&T innovation, and talent training to form a virtuous circle; adhere to the integrated design of original innovation, integrated innovation, and open innovation to achieve effective linkage; and adhere to the integrated deployment of innovation chains, production chains, and talent chains to promote deep integration.


Xi Jinping emphasized that the new development pattern is based on the modernized industrial system, and smooth economic circulation requires the orderly linkage of various industries and efficient and smooth flows among them. We must continue to place the focus of economic development on the real economy, practically promote new types of industrialization, accelerate the construction of a manufacturing superpower, a quality superpower, a network superpower, and a digital China, and create an internationally competitive digital industrial cluster. We must conform to the general trend of industrial development, promote the supplementing of chains (补链) in weak-point industries, the extension of chains (延链) in advantageous industries, the upgrading of chains (升链) in traditional industries, and the creation of chains (建链) in emerging industries, and enhance the continuity and competitiveness of industrial development. We must optimize the productivity layout, promote the orderly transfer of key industries in China and abroad, support enterprises in their in-depth participation in the global industrial division of labor and cooperation, promote the in-depth integration of internal and external industries, and create a modernized industrial system that is independent, controllable, secure, reliable, and highly competitive.


Xi Jinping pointed out that we must comprehensively promote the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and different regions and increase the coverage area of the domestic great circulation. We must give full play to the important role of the countryside as a consumer market and factor market, comprehensively promote rural revitalization, promote urbanization where county seats serve as important vehicles, promote integrated urban-rural development, strengthen urban-rural economic ties, and make urban-rural economic circulation flow smoothly. We must prevent localities from engaging in self-contained small-scale circulation (自我小循环), remove regional barriers, and truly form a unified national market. We must promote the in-depth integration of regional coordinated development strategies, major regional strategies, and main functional zone strategies, optimize the layout of major productive forces, promote the rational flow and efficient concentration of various factors, and make domestic great circulation flow smoothly.


Xi Jinping emphasized that we must further deepen reform and opening up and enhance the power and vitality of the domestic and international great circulation. We must deepen the marketized reform of factors, construct a high-standard market system, and accelerate the construction of a unified national market. We must improve the basic systems of the market economy such as property rights protection, market access, fair competition, and social credit, strengthen anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition efforts, regulate and guide the healthy development of capital in accordance with the law, create an environment conducive to investment and entrepreneurship by various business entities, and stimulate the vitality of various business entities. Promote high-level opening up to the outside, steadily promote the institutional opening up of rules, regulations, management, and standards, and strengthen our voice (话语权) in international great circulation. We must promote high-quality development in “Belt and Road” co-construction, actively participate in the negotiations of international economic and trade rules, promote the formation of an open, diversified, and stable world economic order, and create the conditions to realize the linkage and circulation of domestic and international markets and domestic and international resources.


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中共中央政治局 (Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee). "Xi Jinping Emphasizes the Need to Accelerate the Construction of the New Development Pattern and Enhance the Security Initiative in Development During the Second Collective Study Session of the Politburo of the CCP Central Committee [习近平在中共中央政治局第二次集体学习时强调 加快构建新发展格局 增强发展的安全性主动权]". CSIS Interpret: China, original work published in People's Daily [人民日报], January 31, 2023

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