习近平在中共中央政治局第十次集体学习时强调 加强涉外法制建设 营造有利法治条件和外部环境
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Xi Jinping Emphasized Strengthening the Development of the Legal System Related to Foreign Affairs and Creating Favorable External Environment and Rule of Law Conditions during the Tenth Collective Study Session of the CCP Central Committee Politburo

习近平在中共中央政治局第十次集体学习时强调 加强涉外法制建设 营造有利法治条件和外部环境

The CCP Politburo holds “collective study sessions” on a semi-regular basis, in which an outside academic or government expert leads a discussion on a selected topic. Such sessions are important signals as to what issues the senior leadership finds important. The tenth collective study session of the 20th Central Committee Politburo was held on November 27, 2023 and was presided over by Xi Jinping. At this session, Xi delivered a speech emphasizing the need to train more lawyers and Party cadres in the legal systems of other countries, improve legal services for Chinese citizens and businesses abroad and foreign businesses in China, and better leverage overseas courts and laws to protect China’s interests.

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On the afternoon of November 27, the Politburo of the CCP Central Committee held its tenth collective study session on strengthening the development of the foreign affairs-related legal system (涉外法制). While presiding over the study session, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CCP Central Committee, emphasized that strengthening the rule of law in foreign affairs is not only a long-term need for comprehensively promoting the construction of a strong nation and advancing national rejuvenation through a Chinese path to modernization, but also an urgent task to promote high-level opening up to the outside world and addressing external risks and challenges. It is essential to understand the importance and urgency of the job for better coordinating domestic and international situations and ensuring both the country’s development and security. It is important to develop a foreign affairs-related rule of law system and capabilities that can meet the needs of high-quality development and high-level opening up, and create favorable rule of law and external conditions for China’s long-term and stable development along the Chinese path to modernization.


Comrade Huang Huikang, a Distinguished Professor at Wuhan University, explained this issue and put forward working suggestions. Comrades from the CCP Politburo listened attentively to the explanation and conducted a discussion.


Xi delivered an important speech after listening to the explanation and discussion. He pointed out that the law is a set of rules to regulate social life and national governance. The foreign affairs-related legal system is an important part of the national legal system and the foundation of foreign affairs-related rule of law. It plays an important role in consolidating the foundation, stabilizing expectations, and benefiting long term development. On the new journey of building a strong country and rejuvenating the nation, we must follow the correct political direction and accelerate the development of China’s foreign affairs-related rule of law system and capabilities with a more active historical responsibility and creative spirit.


Xi Jinping emphasized that the foreign affairs-related rule of law, as an important part of the socialist rule of law systems with Chinese characteristics, bears on law-based governance of the country and on the overall situation of China’s opening to the outside world and diplomatic work. The fundamental purpose of promoting foreign affairs-related rule of law is to better safeguard the interests of the country and the people, promote the progress of international rule of law, and promote the development of a community with a shared future for humanity. We must unswervingly follow the path of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics.


Xi Jinping pointed out that foreign affairs-related rule of law work is comprehensive and highly interconnected system that needs to take into consideration both domestic and international situations, as well as development and security. It requires forward-looking thinking, overall planning, strategic layout, and holistic advancement, strengthening top-level design, and promoting foreign affairs-related legislation, law enforcement, judicial proceedings, compliance with the law, and legal services in an integrated manner, thus establishing synergies between lines of effort. We must adhere to legislation first followed by simultaneous establishment, amendment, repeal, and interpretation and form a systematic and complete system of foreign affairs-related laws and regulations. We must build a coordinated and efficient implementation system, improve the efficiency of foreign affairs-related law enforcement and judicial proceedings, promote the reform of foreign affairs-related judicial trial systems and mechanisms, and improve the credibility of foreign affairs-related judicial proceedings. We must actively develop foreign affairs-related legal services and cultivate a number of world-class arbitration institutions and law firms. We must deepen international cooperation in law enforcement and judicial proceedings, strengthen consular protection and assistance, and build a strong rule of law security chain to protect China’s overseas interests. We must strengthen compliance awareness, guide our citizens and enterprises to consciously abide by local laws, regulations, and customs in the process of “Going Global,” and use the rule of law and rules to safeguard their legitimate rights and interests.


Xi Jinping emphasized the need to firmly safeguard the international order based on international law, actively participate in the formulation of international rules, and promote the rule of law in international relations. We must actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system, promote the development of global governance in a more fair and reasonable direction, promote good global governance based on good international laws, and help build a community with a shared future for mankind.


Xi Jinping pointed out that the rule of law goes hand in hand with opening up. Each advance in opening up to the outside world must be followed by an advance in the construction of foreign affairs-related rule of law. We must persist in promoting high-level opening up to the outside world on the basis of the rule of law, promote the construction of foreign affairs-related rule of law while expanding opening-up, and continuously consolidate the rule of law foundation for high-level opening up. The rule of law is the best business environment. We must improve the open and transparent foreign affairs-related legal system, strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of foreign-invested enterprises, make good use of both domestic and international rules, and create an international world-class business environment that is marketized and governed by rule of law. We must proactively align with and actively absorb high-standard international economic and trade rules, steadily expand institutional opening up, improve the level of trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and build a new higher-level open economic system. We must set the advanced international level as our benchmark, promptly upgrade to the level of laws the effective measures and mature experience of high-level opening-up such as free trade pilot zones, and create a new strategic high ground for opening-up with a greater degree  of opening-up, a better business environment, and a stronger radiating effect. We must comprehensively improve the ability to maintain openness and security based on law. We must improve service measures and relevant laws and regulations to facilitate the lives of foreigners living in China.


Xi Jinping emphasized the need to strengthen professional talent training and team building. We must adhere to developing people with moral integrity who cultivate both morality and law, strengthen discipline construction, do a good job in conducting legal education, improve practice-oriented training mechanisms, and cultivate a group of foreign affairs-related rule of law talents with firm political stances, excellent professional qualities, who are familiar with international rules and proficient in foreign affairs-related legal practices at an early date. We must improve talent introduction, selection, use, and management mechanisms and do a good job in preparing high-end foreign affairs-related rule of law talent training reserves. We must strengthen the construction of the rule of law capacity of foreign affairs-related cadres and create high-quality and professionalized foreign affairs-related rule of law work teams. Leading cadres at all levels must take the lead in respecting, studying, abiding by, and applying the law and effectively improve their thinking on foreign affairs-related rule of law and their ability to handle matters in accordance with the law.


Xi Jinping pointed out that we must strengthen our confidence in the rule of law, actively interpret the concepts, propositions, and successful practices of foreign affairs-related rule of law with Chinese characteristics, and do a good job in telling the story of China’s rule of law in the new era. We must strengthen research on cutting-edge topics in the theory and practice of foreign affairs-related rule of law, build a theoretical system and discourse system for foreign affairs-related rule of law with Chinese characteristics and integrating China and foreign countries, and highlight China’s image as a major country governed by the rule of law and a civilized major country. The Chinese legal system has a long history, and China’s excellent traditional legal culture contains rich legal thinking and profound political wisdom. It is a treasure of Chinese culture. We must actively promote the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional legal culture, give China’s rule of law civilization significance for a new era, and stimulate its energetic vitality.


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中共中央政治局 (Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee). "Xi Jinping Emphasized Strengthening the Development of the Legal System Related to Foreign Affairs and Creating Favorable External Environment and Rule of Law Conditions during the Tenth Collective Study Session of the CCP Central Committee Politburo [习近平在中共中央政治局第十次集体学习时强调 加强涉外法制建设 营造有利法治条件和外部环境]". CSIS Interpret: China, original work published in Xinhua News Agency [新华社], November 28, 2023

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