Hu Jintao delivered this address on the 30th anniversary of the 1979 “Message to Taiwan Compatriots,” which was published by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress when the United States and PRC established diplomatic relations. In this speech, Hu puts forth six points as part of a policy promoting the “peaceful development of cross-Strait relations.”
The PRC issued the “Anti-Secession Law” during the administration of Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) President Chen Shui-bian in Taiwan after the administration undertook actions that Beijing viewed as provocative, such as declaring that there was one country on each side of the Taiwan Strait. The “Anti-Secession Law” reiterated the core elements of Beijing’s Taiwan policy and its red lines—including outlining the circumstances under which Beijing would consider employing “non-peaceful means” to annex Taiwan.
Gao Xiang, President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, details the motivations and intent behind China’s Global Civilization Initiative (GCI) proposed by Xi Jinping in March 2023. The Chinese development experience, Gao suggests, shows that viable paths to modernization extend beyond what he describes as the Western capitalist model. For Gao, the GCI will democratize international relations in the face of perceived “power politics and hegemonism” of other major powers by institutionalizing people-to-people and cultural exchanges, thereby engendering greater respect for the diversity of national histories, cultures, and conditions.
This is an official readout from the November 2015 meeting in Singapore between Xi Jinping and Ma Ying-jeou, who was then serving as President of Taiwan—marking the first face-to-face meeting between leaders of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) since 1949. In the meeting, Xi outlines four points he sees as necessary to advance further development of cross-Strait relations, including mutual adherence to the “1992 consensus” and greater economic integration and people-to-people exchanges.
This is an official readout from a May 2014 meeting between Xi Jinping and James Soong, the founder and Chairman of the People First Party (PFP). In the readout, Xi states that Beijing will continue to pursue the “peaceful development of cross-Strait relations” by facilitating increased cross-Strait economic integration and people-to-people exchanges.
This is an official readout from a May 2015 meeting between Xi Jinping and the then-recently elected chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT), Eric Chu. In the meeting, Xi says cross-Strait are at a “critical point,” and emphasizes the importance of mutual adherence to the “1992 Consensus” and opposition to “Taiwan independence” as pre-requisites for Beijing’s engagement with political bodies in Taiwan.
In this speech delivered to a group of Taiwan delegations attending the third session of the 12th national Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Xi Jinping invites Taiwan “compatriots” to participate in economic and educational opportunities on the mainland, and more broadly to contribute to further development of cross-Strait relations.
This is an official readout from a July 2018 meeting between Xi Jinping and Lien Chan, honorary chairman of the Kuomintang and former vice president of Taiwan, who was then leading a delegation to Beijing. Xi suggests it is vital to deepen cross-Strait exchange and cooperation, warns that China “will not tolerate the surge of ‘Taiwan independence’ forces,” and calls on “compatriots” across the Taiwan Strait to collectively promote China’s “national rejuvenation.”
This white paper was released by the PRC State Council’s Taiwan Affairs Office and the State Council Information Office within a week of then-U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan in August 2022. The white paper provides a comprehensive overview of the official PRC position on Taiwan’s status, outlining Beijing’s assessment of the current factors impacting cross-Strait tensions, and a policy pathway for achieving “reunification.” This is the third white paper that the State Council has published on Taiwan, and the first under Xi Jinping’s leadership.
Liu Jieyi, the former director of the Taiwan Affairs Office, expounds on the 20th Party Congress work report to distill Beijing’s overarching strategy for “reunification” with Taiwan. Liu argues it is important to “put [this strategy] into practice,” which includes suppressing voices in favor of Taiwan independence and what Liu terms “foreign interference schemes,” promoting cultural and educational exchange across the Strait, and refusing to renounce the use force to achieve “reunification.”